Stark Youngnovelist, drama and literary critic, playwright Background and general ideas of the Southern Agrarians[ edit ] The Agrarians were offended by H. The informal leader of the Fugitives and the Agrarians was John Crowe Ransombut in a essay, he announced that he no longer believed in either the possibility or the desirability of an Agrarian restoration, which he declared a "fantasy". It ignored slavery and denounced "progress", for example, and some critics considered it to be moved by nostalgia. Odumon issues of urbanism, social progress, and the very nature and definition of the South.
And to those of us who have survived, that we might bear witness In doing so, it became apparent to me that Mormon women found that the intensity of female homosociality  available in Mormon structures created a vital space in which they could explore passionate, romantic relationships with each other.
At the same time I have uncovered some of the problematics of male homosociality - its power to arbitrarily defend or exile men accused of entering into erotic relationships with other men.
As Mormon bishop T. Eugene Shoemaker recently posited: Smith explained that God was an exalted [heterosexual] man and that mortal existence was a testing ground for men to begin to progress toward exalted godhood.
This separatism, which the sexual deviance of polygamy created, was a highly effective means for the Mormons to gain social and political power amongst their own members. However, while practicing their own sexual perversion i. For Rich, this Lesbianism easily encompasses many more forms of emotional "intensity between and among women, including the sharing of a rich inner life, the bonding against male tyranny, the giving and receiving of practical and political support.
While some critics see polygamy as a form of male tyranny over women, I find that many Mormon women subversively reconstructed polygamy as a means of escaping male domination on many other levels, in what I call heroic acts of Lesbian resistance.
The potential for female homosocial relationships is found among the polygamous "sister- wives" of Milford Shipp. This was possible only because her sister-wives cared for her three children in Utah while she was studying back east, pooling their resources to pay her tuition.
Her sister-wives also wrote her encouraging letters, while she described those of her husband as "harsh", "bitter and sharp". Shipp returned to Salt Lake City, she set up a thriving medical practice and made enough money to send her other sister-wives through medical college or midwifery training.
He gave them important marital status and fathered their children. Otherwise, "in polygamy the wives and children learned to fend for themselves". Shipp recorded in her private journal, "How beautiful to contemplate the picture of a family where each one works for the interest, advancement, and well-being of all.
Despite the fact that Joseph Smith deified, eternalized, and pluralized heterosexuality through polygamy and temple ritual, early Mormon women found that their bodies, sensuality, and desires were neither tamed nor contained by obedience to the institution of polygamy.
I believe that many women found creative, unique, and intensely meaningful ways to confess and express their desire for other women.
Carol Lasser, has documented that Victorian women in America, in order to formalize "Romantic Friendships" with other women, sometimes married brothers, becoming sisters-in-law and sharing a surname. She theorizes that marrying brothers "deepened their intimacy, extending it in new directions, further complicating the intricate balance of emotional and material ties, and perhaps offering a symbolic consummation of their passion" for each other.
The "David and Jonathan" of the Primary: Felt and May Anderson Indeed at least one Mormon woman went so far as to request that her husband marry polygamously after she fell in love with another woman, so that the two women could openly live together.
Sarah Louisa Bouton married Joseph Felt in as his first wife but according to a biography, aroundLouie the masculinized nickname she used met and "fell in love with" a young woman in her local LDS congregation named Alma Elizabeth Lizzie Mineer. Thus Louie "opened her home and shared her love" with this second Lizzie.
This time, however, May did not marry Joseph Felt. In May moved in with Louie, and Joseph permanently moved out of the house Louie had built and bought on her own.Tension in Poetry By Allen Tate Seminar Presented by: Haider Jabr Mihsin Allen Tate Allen Tate ()is one of the youngest New critics.
He belongs to the Southern group of American critics. Reactionary Essays on Poetry, Ideas, and Reason in Madness are well known. collections of Essays and reviews by Tate About the. Search Tips. Phrase Searching You can use double quotes to search for a series of words in a particular order. For example, "World war II" (with quotes) will give more precise results than World war II (without quotes).
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27Apr10 - PEPIS# - The Cult of Goldmine Sachs, bankers to Bilderberg. Goldman Sachs are the Bilderberg's Bankers and are finally facing criminal charges. If it were me I would suspend trading, freeze all their assets and arrest and bail the directors until evidence is forthcoming as to who did what.
Allen Tate (), American poet, critic, biographer, and editor, was a founder and editor of the Fugitive. John Crowe Ransom, Robert Penn Warren, and Cleanth Brooks were also part of the Fugitive group, and they and Tate formulated the New Critical poetic theories that arose out of the early.
Founded in , Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections, both formal and informal, to Princeton University. Get this from a library!
Reactionary essays on poetry and ideas,. [Allen Tate].